Saturday, August 10, 2013
Moving Fillister, for rebates and....for making raised panels
The adjustable fence rebate plane is a wooden plane able to compete with its metallic sisters. This model I own, is a moving fillister and comes from UK, made by the planemaker William Kendall (York, 1818-1830).
These planes have a sturdy structure, with side escapement and a skewed blade. The plane has a depth stop, adjustable by a brass thumb screw on the plane top. More, on the left side is also present a nicker, held by a wooden little wedge. Its function is to pre-cut the wood fibers while planing across the grain. On the bottom is the adjustable fence; two big screws stop it at the wished rebate width.
The plane works very well along the grain as well as across the grain. For this reason I use to utilize it for making simple raised panels too.
The first step is to trace the final thickness on all four edges.
This dimension is the same of groove width, minus a quote (1 mm in this case with a 15 mm rebate) for permitting to the panel edge to be inserted correctly into the groove and to move in the case humidity changes were.
The panel is worked across the grain first on both sides.
This trick allows to correct the possible tearout when the plane comes out from the piece.
With the nicker in cutting position trace the internal rebate width by moving the plane backwards for a couple of times. Then set the depth stop and cut the rebate.
In the successive step the plane is inclined on the left side for making the bevel. A ca.10° slope (I cut it by eye) is enough for obtaining the wished effect.
The job finishes when the thickness mark is reached.
A piece of frame is useful for be sure the panel fits correctly in its groove.
Repeat the same steps for longitudinal cuts, without nicker this time.
Some little finishing by a shoulder plane and the panel is ready to be used.